THE EVOLUTION OF FOREST ECOLOGY
Over the past century, environmental management has
become an increasingly important element of forestry.
Today’s foresters include ecologists, environmental
scientists and soil and water specialists who survey for
wildlife, monitor and conserve threatened flora and fauna
and protect waterways, ensuring timber production is
balanced with maintaining forest health and biodiversity.
Forests are dynamic and diverse and contain a
vast variety of flora and fauna that thrive in different
environments and conditions. Ecologists survey wildlife,
birdlife and vegetation to identify threatened species and
ensure the forest retains the conditions different species
need to thrive, for example by amending timber harvesting
plans, managing fire or by tackling introduced predators.
In 1996, these surveys resulted in the discovery of
Australia’s largest known roost of Eastern Horseshoe
Bats in a previously unmapped cave in a remote area of
the Ourimbah State Forest, allowing the population to
be protected and monitored over the subsequent two
More recently, regular surveys have shown a significant
increase in small marsupials including long-nosed potoroos
and southern brown bandicoots in the State forests
around Eden following introduction of a permanent fox
and wild dog baiting program. Because these species are
thriving in the local State forests, there are now sufficient
numbers to help boost populations elsewhere in the State.
Forestry Corporation has successfully worked with Parks
Australia to capture potoroos and bandicoots from local
State forests to re-introduce a population into Booderee
National Park, where local populations had been extinct
for many years.
Ensuring high quality forest health and conservation
of important forest features is critical for Forestry
Corporation’s certification to the Australian Standard for
Sustainable Forest Management.