Table 1.5 The proportion of women and men in powerful positions Women Men Therefore, the campaign was to ensure political rights for women. The women won the right to vote with the constitutional amendment on 5 June 1915, and in 1924 Nina Bang became Denmark’s first female minister. nnThe second wave of feminism started in the 1960s and was largely a campaign for sexual liberation, a class struggle and a criticism of capitalism. This wave is best known under the name The Redstockings – a movement in which women demanded the same real opportunities as men. The movement achieved concrete results. The law on equal pay for equal work, for example, was adopted in 1976. SOCIAL STUDIES AND GENDER EQUALITY 21 Members of Folketinget after the 18 June 2015 election 67 (37.4%) 112 (62.6%) Board members of listed companies, including financial companies and foreign members, August 2016 15.9% 84.1% Number of senior executives in central and local government 217 620 Share of Danish CEOs (both public and private) 13% 87% Source: Samfundsstatistik 2016. Danish Business Authority’s report on the proportion of women in management. Note by the Ministry of Industry, Business and Financial Affairs, 3 October 2016. concept to define clearly, but we can refer to feminism as various activities and perceptions that want to break with oppression of women and fight for gender equality. Throughout history, feminism has moved in four different waves, each of which has focused on women, gender roles and gender equality. nnThe first wave of feminism began in the mid-19th century and continued into the 20th century. The first wave was primarily a struggle for political rights for women. With the adoption of the Danish constitution in 1849, elections were introduced, but only 15% of the population were entitled to vote and women were not among these 15%. Figure 1.6 The two main policy approaches to gender roles and gender equality in Denmark Against legislation Opposed to equality legislation because the perception is that there is equality between women and men in Danish society. For legislation Support increased legislation, including the introduction of quotas and statutory paternity leave.
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