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Open up society

Why is pay usually lower in sectors with many women employees than in sectors where most employees are men? same if we look at women’s share of board and management positions in Danish companies. There is also serious underrepresentation of women here. The fact that women are underrepresented in important powerful bodies such as corporate boards, municipal councils and Folke- tinget is not insignificant because it is in these ”corridors of power” that discussions take place and decisions are made about matters concerning gender equality. It is, for example, Folketinget that legislates about parental leave. In relation to gender equality and politics, many political discussions (including those relating to gender equality) concern fundamental attitudes as to how society should function and develop. These attitudes are called ideologies, and ideologies we often meet include Liberalism, Conservatism and Socialism. The political parties in Folketinget represent these ideologies, 20 CHAPTER 1 and they have different attitudes to issues such as gender equality and gender roles. In general, we can divide the political debate into two main positions. One position is that legislation should be used to increase gender equality in all areas of society, including through earmarked parental leave for men and quotas for female representation on boards of directors. The other position is that the politicians do not have to legislate any further because there is already formal equality between women and men in Denmark, and this makes it unnecessary for the state to intervene. See Figure 1.6. Feminism – a political tendency to promote equality between women and men A political tendency we often meet when examining gender equality is what is called feminism. Feminism is a difficult


Open up society
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