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Open up society

science, sociology and economics are the main disciplines of social science, and we will use knowledge within these areas in our studies and discussions of social issues. In the following sections, we will examine the issue of gender equality in Denmark in the late 2010s, and we will do so by applying economic, sociological and political perspectives. 1.2 How is gender equality doing in Denmark? Explained through the three main disciplines To be able to understand how the three disciplines of social science work and complement each other, we will try to bring them into play in relation to a specific Sociology Economics Political science SOCIAL STUDIES AND GENDER EQUALITY 11 theme about the current status of gender equality in Denmark. The concept of equality is about making different groups equal to each other in terms of pay and retirement, education, and political participation and influence. Although incredibly much has happened in terms of gender equality in Denmark in the 20th century, there is still some way before we can talk about full equality between men and women. Let us start by looking at gender equality in a sociological perspective. Equality between the genders from a sociological angle Sociology can be translated directly as the science of the social, which means that this area is about people in society and particularly about social life or relationships between people. Sociological studies will always try to understand and explain Figure 1.1 The three main areas of social science social disparities in society, including the question of equality between women and men. When we look at men and women, we seem to view the genders differently and add different status to men and women (see Tables 1.1 and 1.2). That we do this is perhaps not so strange, because certain roles seem to be associated with women and men in Danish society. We call these roles gender roles. Women and men often have different roles in society, and they often meet different expectations as to how they should behave and what they should do. Gender roles are a bit like the expectations we have for actors in a movie. We have different expectations to the villain and the hero. A gender role expresses our specific expectations to the gender woman and the gender man. The gender roles mean that we, as humans, are raised, or rather socialised, with these expectations to the genders. This socialisation takes place through our own and society’s language and has to do with the requirements, expectations and norms that contribute to reinforcing certain expectations to the genders, and by the fact that we – men and women – meet


Open up society
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