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ENGINE HISTORY V6 SECTION 2.0L/2.5L/3.0L DOHC 4V “DURATEC®” ENGINE The small engine compartment of the 1994 Contour (Mondeo in Europe) required a compact design, with a short forged steel crank and rear- mounted cam-driven water pump. An aluminum block casting process was licensed from Cosworth,® which rotates the sand mold during metal solidification to improve quality. Subsequent applications included Taurus, Cougar, Escape, Mazda® MPV, Mazda® 6, Freestyle, 500, and Fusion. Initial concept design work was contracting to Porsche® Engineering, resulting in a full main bearing girdle similar to the Porsche® 928 V8. Roller finger follower (RFF) aluminum cylinder heads resemble the 4.6L 4V, although more compact. The 199x SVT Contour tuned the 2.5L to 200 horsepower, with Extrude- Hone cylinder heads improving airflow. Low- profile mechanical bucket tappet heads were developed for the 3.0L Jaguar® S-Type/Lincoln LS packages, and later applied to the All-Wheel- Drive X-Type in 2.0L (European sales), 2.5L, and 3.0L variants. 2010-2012 versions were upgraded with variable cam timing (VCT) and identified internally as the “D30 PI.” Aftermarket V6 applications have included the turbocharged Noble® sports car from South Africa. Aston Martin’s® 6.0L V12 is based on this architecture. 2.5L DOHC 4V PROBE ENGINE The 1993 Probe used this all-aluminum Mazda® design, shared with the Mazda® 626 and further (Super High Output) program was initiated for a output from 20 years prior, and equaling SVT® Millenia's LysholmCobra output from only 10 years prior. The 2011late-’80s Ford SVT mid-engined sports car, code®developed for the Mazda supercharged Miller-cycle. Mazda® replaced this named GN34. When the GN34 was cancelled, F-150 added the same base engine, plus a rear- engine family with Ford-designed V6s. the engine was picked up for the 1988-1995 wheel-drive Ti-VCT version of the 3.5L EcoBoost, 2.8L/2.9L/4.0L OHV/SOHC 2V Taurus SHO. 3.0L versions used a five-speed achieving a 22 mile-per-gallon (U.S.) highway “COLOGNE” ENGINE manual; the 3.2L version was used in a later rating and 365 hp. These F-150 V6s will be Ford of Germany developed a 1961 1.2L OHV automatic transmission application. The high- shared with the North American-produced rear- 60-degree V-4 to a 2.8L/2.9L V6 for North revving SHO V6 used a cast iron block and 4V wheel-drive Transit announced for 2013 American Capri, Bronco II, Mustang II, Ranger, heads with bucket tappets. production. The Ti-VCT upgrade has also and Merkur® Scorpio® sales, then expanded it to 3.5L/3.7L DOHC 4V “DURATEC® 35” migrated to normally aspirated (non-turbo) 4.0L for the 1991 Explorer. The original push rod and “DURATEC® 37” ENGINES front-wheel drive 2011 Flex/MKX, 2012 Explorer, layout was converted to modular-style single Code named “Cyclone” in development, this 2013 Taurus, Flex, MKS, MKT, and MKZ overhead cam 2V heads for 1997 Explorer and all-aluminum design uses a deep-skirt die-cast Look for this engine in even more applications 2001 Ranger, using a jackshaft in original block block with cast-in liners, six-bolt main bearing and Ford Racing parts in the future. camshaft bore to drive the right-hand cam chain from the rear, and the left-hand cam chain from 3.8L/3.9L/4.2L OHV 2Vcaps, forged steel crank, and mechanical bucket the front. A main bearing bridge, structural oil “ESSEX” ENGINEStappet heads. Launched from Lima Engine Plant pan, and second order balance shaft were Named for the Essex (Ontario) Engine Plant, thefor the 2007 Edge, it is now used in all of Ford’s offered for improved NVH. Mustang and Land 1982 3.8L used a 90-degree bank angle, like aNorth American mid/large-sized front-wheel Rover® applications were added starting in 2004. 6F transmission. Lincoln and Mazda® applications applications. Front-wheel-drive applicationsV8, for numerous rear-wheel-drive cardrive vehicles, typically coupled to the newFord Racing sells parts for 2005-2010 Mustang.increased bore size for 3.7L displacement,started with the 1988 Taurus/Sable and® engine manufacturing localizedContinental, then the 1994 Windstar. A first-with Mazda3.0L OHV 2V “VULCAN” ENGINE A traditional cast iron block and head-push rod in Hiroshima. order balance shaft was added to select design introduced for 1986 Taurus, the Lima Cleveland-built “EcoBoost” Gas (twin) turbo applications beginning in 1988. The 1989-1995 (Ohio)-produced Vulcan was later used in direct injected (GTDI) 3.5L versions premiered in Thunderbird SC (Super Coupe) added a 90 cu. in. Ranger, Tempo, Aerostar, Windstar, and the first- 2010 for the All-Wheel-Drive Taurus SHO, Flex, Eaton® Roots-style intercooled supercharger. generation Probe. plus Lincoln MKT and MKS. With 365 horsepower, Split-port cylinder heads were introduced with 3.0L/3.3L SOHC 2V this engine provides V8 performance without the the 1996 Windstar, and then in all 4.2L “VILLAGER” ENGINE associated fuel-economy or vehicle-packaging applications. The 95 mm stroke (vs. 86 for the Nissan® contributed this iron block engine to the compromises. For 2013, Explorer Sport 3.8L) 4.2L was launched in the 1997 F-150 and Mercury Villager and Nissan® Quest minivan applications are added. Econoline, replacing the 4.9L I-6. A two joint-venture project. Twin-independent variable cam timing (Ti-VCT) mm-stroke increase created the “new” 3.9L from 3.0L/3.2L DOHC 4V “SHO” ENGINES was added for the first rear-wheel-drive usage, the 3.8L in 2004. 3.8L/3.9L usage in the 1994- The Yamaha®-designed and built 3.0L SHO achieving 305 horsepower for the 2011 3.7L 2004 Mustang resulted in some aftermarket Mustang — more than three times base Mustang performance parts. For important information about the proper usage of performance parts, please see page 14. 84 Techline (800) FORD788 See pages 286-292 for important safety, emissions and warranty information.


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